2014

School Photos and their Afterlives: Assimilation, Exclusion, Resistance

Appearing very early in the history of photography and pervasive throughout the world, school-class photos, like report cards and diplomas, confirm group belonging and exposure to a process of educational acculturation and socialization. Beginning with images of 19th and early 20th century schools intended for the “civilization” of indigenous and African American children in North America, children … [Read more]

Post-apartheid state engagement with customary structures

This project will contribute to a greater comparative understanding of state-customary knowledge and its challenges in Africa by way of a study of the experience of the post-apartheid State in this regard.  The approach is less anthropological or legal than political and governance oriented. The outcome will be a monograph that can be slotted into the global … [Read more]

Future Bodies. Preventing organ trafficking – focusing on consequences and alternatives to organ shortage. A “Health in Transition” Theme Project 2014 — 2016

Today’s society is facing a series of new challenges. With the aging of populations and growth in diabetes, heart and vascular diseases, demand for transplantation is increasing exponentially. One such challenge is how to deal with the shortage of donor organs. Another is that the human body is now, more than ever, a valuable resource … [Read more]

Water Governance in the Face of Global Change: From Understanding to Transforming

The sustainable management of global water resources is one of the most pressing environmental challenges of the 21st century. Many problems and barriers towards improvement can be attributed to governance failures rather than the resource base itself. At the same time our understanding of complex water governance systems is quite limited and fragmented. The stay … [Read more]

The Aesthetics of Violence: Art, Fiction and Film

One can identify an ‘aesthetics’ of violence in any representation of a violent act where form and textuality are essential elements to the experience to the representation. But this aesthetics is little understood. It has a history; it has a geographic distribution; and it has a philosophy too. In this study, looking at literary texts, … [Read more]

Some Thoughts and Reflections about Chemistry in Africa

There is little one can read about the history and the pioneers of chemistry in Africa and even that is mostly written by non-Africans. The idea to document and recognize the pioneers of chemistry began when preparing a chapter on “Achievements of Pharmacognosy in Africa during the 50 year period 1959-2009 to a book published … [Read more]

Multiscale Modeling in Tribology

Roughly 30% of global energy consumption today is friction – a colossal loss. Tribology is an inter-disciplinary research field to understand, minimize and in the end to eliminate friction and wear in rubbing of surfaces. Current lubrication technology is designed for steel surfaces, not optimal for modern wear resistant coatings and lightweight materials. Ionic liquids … [Read more]

Abuse of power

This project will focus on a widespread myth, namely that Sweden is a country mainly without corruption and involved internationally in corruption only because of the demands from corrupt governments and people in the rest of the world. As always, science needs not only theory, real science is evidence-based, hence needs concretization. In this work … [Read more]

Anticipation. How Individuals and Communities Use the Future

The future is incorporated into all phenomena, conscious or unconscious, physical or ideational, as anticipation, from those forms of anticipation that are observed, for instance, in a tree that loses its leaves in the Autumn to human planning that colonizes the future inspired by imaginary futures. Looked at as “ways-of-knowing” the Discipline of Anticipation (DoA) … [Read more]

Multifunctionality in managed grassland systems: Biodiversity and ecosystem services

Grassland systems have been in focus for a long time due to their ecological, socioeconomic and cultural importance. If moderately managed, these grasslands may increase the multifunctionality of rural landscapes by harbouring extraordinary high biodiversity and at the same time providing numerous ecosystem services like meat production, carbon sequestration, and different cultural values. Grasslands are … [Read more]