2018

Adaptation of mosquito vectors to insecticides used in the Southwest area of the Indian Ocean: implications for vector control

Mortality caused by mosquito vectors is still higher in African countries than elsewhere. Vector control contributes significantly to the reduction of malaria and arboviruses diseases. However, vector control depends largely of the use of chemical insecticides in most parts of tropical countries. In addition, a very limited insecticide family has been authorized for use. Despite … [Read more]

A Study of the Interplay of Taboo Subjects and Censorship in Determining the Limits of Humour/Insult in the Four Regions of Africa (North, South, West and East) and their Standup Jokes

Ancient humour arts exemplify how satire creates a sense of community from shared laughter.  They ridiculed behavioural eccentricities ranging from the humdrum to the hallowed. Offence was not an option then, but in recent times, a growing sense of irritationfor “distasteful” jests has emerged sometimes instigating deadly imbroglios. While stand-up comedy has not stirred up … [Read more]

Cryptography in the quantum age

Even though we have some basic understanding of the power of quantum computation, and its impact on cryptography and cryptanalysis, there are many open problems, some of them purely technical and some more fundamental. During our residency at STIAS we propose to investigate the weakness of the existing cryptographic schemes and propose some counter-measures. Our … [Read more]

Is It Autonomy All the Way Down? The Search for a QBist Metaphysic

The philosopher William James once wrote, “Like the old woman who described the world as resting on a rock, and then explained that rock to be supported by another rock, and finally said it was ‘rocks all the way down,’ he who believes this to be a radically moral universe must hold the moral order … [Read more]

Decoloniality after Decolonization: The question of knowledge and higher education in Southern Africa and the Global South

“The Knowledge Society” is a common expression nowadays in the Global North and the Global West, were “knowledge” means technological knowledge and training geared towards economic growth, development and modernization. There are two issues that are bypassed: one is the distinction between science and technology; the other is the meaning of “knowledge” in the drastic … [Read more]

Inheritance Systems and the Extended Synthesis; Picturing the Mind

I will be completing a book in the Cambridge Studies in Philosophy and Biology series, to be published by Cambridge University Press in 2019; this is co-authored by Marion Lamb. The book examines the status of the current theory of evolution that is based on a version of the theory called the Modern Synthesis (MS), … [Read more]

Fugitive Whispers

I am in the early stages of this project but my expectation is that it will become a novel. The planned outline of the narrative is as follows. A young man arrives in a town without money and without work. He has an injury in his leg about which he is silent. His demeanour is … [Read more]

Life Cycle Management for Sustainable Infrastructure Development in Africa

The infrastructure deficit in Africa is estimated to be $130-170 billion per year according to newly revised figures from the African Development Bank. This gap is relative to 2025 targets for electrification, access to water supply and sanitation, ICT, and road and other transport sectors. While overcoming the deficit is a financial challenge, given the … [Read more]

Contribution of Human Enteric Adenoviruses to Acute Gastroenteritis in the Post-Rotavirus Vaccine Introduction Era in Ghanaian Children

Viruses are the most common causes of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) globally, and rotaviruses have been implicated as the leading cause of AGE in children below the age of five. The rotavirus vaccine, Rotarix®, has been was introduced into the immunization program in Ghana and vaccine effectiveness studies suggest that AGE due to rotavirus infection has … [Read more]

People’s perceptions on sustainable intensification of genetically modified crops for food security and climate mitigation in Kenya

Worldwide, genetically modified (GM) crops are perceived as necessary for sustainable agriculture to enhance food security and mitigate climate change. The adoption of these crops is not without ranging debates on their perceived risks and benefits. These crops’ DNA is altered so as to enhance them for characteristics such as drought, pest and disease resistance. … [Read more]