2018

Justice from above? The role of international criminal tribunals in transition countries

The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) are about to close their doors and have already considerably scaled down their activities. Due to widespread criticism concerning of their case selection, proceedings and judgments, and their dependence on state cooperation, both tribunals together with the International … [Read more]

The Zulus of New York and The Madonna of Excelsior Script

In 1880 William Leonard Hunt, known as The Great Farini after his trapeze act with a  troupe called The Flying Farinis, a well-known Canadian funambulist and impresario, imported a group of Zulus to England and later to the United States to perform as part of the “human curiosities” or “freak shows” in his popular circus. It … [Read more]

Planning the new, better city –Fear and safety in policy and practice

Kiruna, the northernmost city in Sweden, is constructed around a classic industrial source of production – the prosperous mine. The mine has been the overwhelmingly dominant employer in the city and its fortunes have been intimately connected to the city’s prosperity. However, massive, continuing expansion of the mine has led to severe risks of subsidence, … [Read more]

Institutional constraints on cabinet formation, coalition governance and cabinet termination

This project examines the dynamic relationships between the key actors of representative democracy in EU member states: voters, political parties, parliaments and governments. Central to the functioning of representative democracy is the election of political representatives to the national parliaments by the citizens, who forms the government and the stability of governments. The project investigates … [Read more]

Deep learning network for South African birdsong and its wider implications on the concept of intelligence

We develop an operational convolutional neural network, that distinguishes 170 different South African birdsongs. The dataset consists of 3228 recordings extracted from Xeno-Canto, a user-generated database. Most recordings are however low quality, with multiple birdsongs a nd background noises. This problem is solved by pre-training using the larger and higher quality BirdCLEF2016 dataset (24607 recordings, … [Read more]

Militarized Global Apartheid

This book project explores how new regimes of labor and mobility control are taking shape across the global north in a militarized form that mimics South Africa’s history of apartheid. The book analyzes the rise of a system of global apartheid in the form of a racialized world order and a hierarchical labor market dependent … [Read more]

Is it rape in the eyes of Uganda’s men or Community Perceptions on rape?

The project will involve analysis and interpretation of data collected in research aimed at interrogating societal definitions of rape. Knowing what society considers acceptable behavior may explain the prevalence of an offence. Efforts towards reducing crime should be preceded by interrogation of society’s views towards the conduct in question. That knowledge would be invaluable in … [Read more]

Crime and Citizenship

Witnessing the large-scale displacement and conditions of statelessness in the wake of the Second World War, political theorist Hannah Arendt coined the evocative phrase “the right to have rights”, arguing that the fundamental right, from which all other rights sprung, was the right to membership of a political community. Who gets to define whether one … [Read more]

The legacy and lessons of the Khulumani case

During its 12-year trajectory, the Khulumani case has excited interest worldwide. The case should be understood and situated within the Transitional Justice initiatives undertaken during the South African political and legal transition, most notably the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. What approach was taken towards reparations for victims of gross human rights abuses during Apartheid? The … [Read more]

Expertise and Public Participation in Government Policymaking: South Africa in Comparative Context

The fellowship at STIAS will build on my prior work on comparative administrative law dealing with public participation in policymaking. In the modern state, legislatures cannot possibly resolve all aspects of the large policy problems raised by the activist regulatory state. Over and above the statutory language, executive officials are constantly required to deal with … [Read more]