People’s perceptions on sustainable intensification of genetically modified crops for food security and climate mitigation in Kenya

Worldwide, genetically modified (GM) crops are perceived as necessary for sustainable agriculture to enhance food security and mitigate climate change. The adoption of these crops is not without ranging debates on their perceived risks and benefits. These crops’ DNA is altered so as to enhance them for characteristics such as drought, pest and disease resistance. … [Read more]

Good policy; bad policy

This project proposes to examine three key policies, one in each ministry, in the form of a memoir on how decisions were taken and implemented. The three policies are free higher education, skilled immigration, and SKA (a big science project). I have been involved in the development and articulation of policy in ministries in education … [Read more]

Elections, Democracy and Constitutionalism in Africa

The Stellenbosch Annual Seminars on Constitutionalism in Africa (SASCA) programme, “African constitutionalism: comparative perspectives”, falls under the STIAS project theme The future of democracy which started in September 2013. It is motivated by the fact that since 1990, African countries appear to be making great strides to entrench a culture of constitutionalism, good governance and … [Read more]

The new middle class in Africa in comparative perspective

Comparative perspectives from the global south can tell us much about the meteoric rise of the new middle class in Africa. They suggest that we should be wary of purely quantitative/objective characterisations, taking subjective forms of identity more seriously. Paradoxically, while in EuroAmerica the old middle class is declining (Sassen 2014), in the global south … [Read more]

Future of water quality: Taking stock of emerging contaminants in water sources in East and Southern Africa.

Over 45 % of people in Africa do not have access to clean drinking water. This number will increase in the next years due to rapid population growth, rising middle class and hence affluence and climate change. With urbanization/ industrialization and growth in the agricultural sector a significant number of chemicals have been introduced into … [Read more]

‘Maids’ and ‘Madams’ in Caribbean and South African Women’s Texts: Approximations of Feminist Solidarity?

This project engages with the possibility for solidarity between women across differences of race, class and sexuality as it is represented in a range of artistic forms (poetry, fiction and visual images) created by women from the Anglophone Caribbean and South Africa. It focuses on relationships between women who encounter each other in the intimate … [Read more]

Justice from above? The role of international criminal tribunals in transition countries

The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) are about to close their doors and have already considerably scaled down their activities. Due to widespread criticism concerning of their case selection, proceedings and judgments, and their dependence on state cooperation, both tribunals together with the International … [Read more]

The Zulus of New York and The Madonna of Excelsior Script

In 1880 William Leonard Hunt, known as The Great Farini after his trapeze act with a  troupe called The Flying Farinis, a well-known Canadian funambulist and impresario, imported a group of Zulus to England and later to the United States to perform as part of the “human curiosities” or “freak shows” in his popular circus. It … [Read more]

Planning the new, better city –Fear and safety in policy and practice

Kiruna, the northernmost city in Sweden, is constructed around a classic industrial source of production – the prosperous mine. The mine has been the overwhelmingly dominant employer in the city and its fortunes have been intimately connected to the city’s prosperity. However, massive, continuing expansion of the mine has led to severe risks of subsidence, … [Read more]

Institutional constraints on cabinet formation, coalition governance and cabinet termination

This project examines the dynamic relationships between the key actors of representative democracy in EU member states: voters, political parties, parliaments and governments. Central to the functioning of representative democracy is the election of political representatives to the national parliaments by the citizens, who forms the government and the stability of governments. The project investigates … [Read more]