We are continuously witnessing a confluence of socio-economic and social-ecological crisis manifested in the form of growing environmental degradation, persistent economic stagnation, increasing unemployement and growing disparities between and within countries. As much as there is broad recognition and consensus on the need to have an alternative development path, there is a growing sense of frustration and helplessness on the lack of progress. Thomas Khun (1962) noted that, ‘the significance of crises is the indication they provide that an occasion for retooling has arrived’. This is particularly of significant importance for Africa as it has a major leapfrogging opportunity towards an inclusive, low carbon, and resource efficient economies. This Fellowship contributes to the production of a Handbook on ‘Retooling development pathways for sustainability transition in Africa’. The Handbook covers strategic planning sectors and issues related to key socio-economic infrastructure that will put Africa on a more sustainable development pathways.