Projects

Three Paths to Constitutionalism

There are three paths to constitutionalism in the modern world. Under the first, revolutionary-outsiders use the Constitution to commit their new regime to the principles proclaimed during their previous struggle: India, South Africa, Italy, France, and Poland have followed this path. Under the second, establishment-insiders use the Constitution to make strategic concessions to disrupt revolutionary … [Read more]

Local practices and institutions and their relevance for systems of social security. An investigation based on a case study of Senegal, Mali and Gabon .

This project has been built around the premise that by and large the present day social security systems in Africa are failing. Since the ILO and World Bank projects to extend social protection cover have been in effect for the last couple of years in several African countries, what can be done in …. Not … [Read more]

Fear and forgiveness – an Eastern Cape story

The killing of Irish nun and medical doctor, Sister Aidan Quinlan, in the East London riots of 1952 at the height of the ANC Defiance Campaign, is an event that has long been difficult in the telling. Sister Aidan, of the Dominican Order of the Catholic Church, lived and worked in the township of Duncan … [Read more]

Peace agreements instead of “amicable agreement”: Consociationalism after civil war

How can democracy and social peace survive in societies divided by race, ethnicity, religion, region, language or ideology? The answer is: only when political elites share power through a package of measures known as “consociationalism”. Unfortunately, most of the political science knowledge is based on peaceful West European democracies. How relevant is their experience for … [Read more]

African Leapfrogging Index to Sustainability (ALIS)

Centre for Complex Systems in Transition of Stellenbosch University and the International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics of Lund University are currently developing a regional project on Distributed Renewable Economy for Africa’s Transformation. Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study (STIAS) is supporting the development and implementation of this project through provision of Fellowship as part of … [Read more]

Retrospective and Prospective Reflections on Higher Education in Africa

The paper begins with a historical background attempting to provide an African wide perspective unifying the often fragmented contributions of North Africa, South Africa and the rest of the continent. The 1960s occupy a prominent period in Africa’s effort to emerge from colonial rule, and indeed 18 countries gained independence in this period.  On the … [Read more]

Removal of pollutants from drinking water by clay minerals using metal oxide nanoparticles

Contamination of drinking water with chemical and biological pollutants is a serious problem of the present century. Therefore, availability of suitable water sources is becoming a crucial problem because having locally available water resources is not sufficient to cover the water needs. Key is to have at least sanitized water, that is water free from … [Read more]

Prevalence of phytoparasitic nematodes and damage levels on vegetable crops in the southwest Ethiopia: An approach towards development of a sustainable nematode management

Various vegetable crops are grown in the southwest part of Ethiopia. The production is affected, among others, by plant parasitic nematodes. The problem of nematodes is not well appreciated due to the nature of the damage together with limited awareness of the nematode problem in the country. However, the extent of the problem has recently … [Read more]

3D Print a House for Development (3D – H – 4D): Prototyping Climate Change Adaptation in African Urban Planning

The news that a Chinese company has successfully 3D printed ten houses in 24 hours rapidly, cheaply and with a bare-bones workforce offers a window into the future for sustainable development in Africa’s urban planning. On top of cost, time and labour benefits, there are other affordances in the 3D printing of houses that are … [Read more]

Assessment of social-economic impacts of invasive cactus (Opuntia engelmannii) to rural livelihoods and their environment in the Drylands of Kenya

Invasive alien plant species are one of the major drivers of global ecosystem change and the most serious threats to ecological, economic and social well-being. Their current spread is damaging livelihoods in rural areas by increasing poverty while simultaneously affecting biological diversity. Like many other countries, Kenya is faced with the problem of increased occurrence … [Read more]