Projects

Monetary Policy in African Countries: Theory, Practice and Impact

The prevailing macroeconomic frameworks in African countries may be generally characterized as a do no harm approach to policy. Like in other developing regions, macroeconomic policy in African countries primarily pursues two very narrow objectives: (1) maintaining price stability and specifically low inflation; (2) achieving public debt sustainability. In practice monetary policy in African countries … [Read more]

Ethnic differences in obesity-related complications in South African women

Obesity is closely linked the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D), a leading cause of death worldwide. Within low-to-middle income countries, the projected increase in T2D from 2010 to 2030 is estimated to be as high as 69% compared to 20% in high income countries. T2D is more prevalent in populations of African-origin than white … [Read more]

Falls and related consequences in old age

Older populations are expanding all over the world. Falls present the most common cause of injury in old age and pose a serious threat to public health. The incidence rate of falls increases with age; in Western countries about 50% of persons aged 75 years and older fall every year. Head injuries and hip fractures … [Read more]

Listening

It is planned to begin a book called “Listening” during the stay at STIAS which will present, in a form accessible to readers with diverse interests, a method of psychological inquiry that was developed with graduate students at Harvard and taught for many years. The method, known as the Listening Guide, begins with questions about … [Read more]

Lonely Death: An Ecology of Living and Dying in Post-Miracle Japan

Stories of “lonely death” (kodokushi) are commonplace in what is considered an era of increasing isolation and social disconnectedness in post-Bubble Japan. Referencing the deaths of people who die alone in places where they had lived (isolated) for years, “lonely death” often involves the discovery of bodies weeks (sometimes months) after the fact. As the … [Read more]

Migration Stories: The US Visa Lottery and Global Citizenship

A book about Togolese who apply for the US Diversity Visa lottery will be completed.  More Togolese per capita apply for the Green Card lottery than those from any other African country, with winners attempting to game the system by adding “spouses” and dependents to their dossiers. The US consulate in Lomé knows this gaming … [Read more]

Discovery and ethical dimensions of the natural sciences

The archives of Nobel Prizes have been used for the production of two books, Nobel Prizes and Life Sciences (2010) and Nobel Prizes and Nature’s Surprises (2013). Writing about Nobel Prizes by use of the Nobel archives as these progressively become available following the 50 years secrecy rules will be continued. The next book will … [Read more]

The short history of evidence-based veterinary vaccinology

The project is concerned with vaccinology in the public eye. As in human medicine, vaccinophobia has hampered acceptance of immunization also in the companion animal veterinary scene, has led to sometimes militant campaigning against it, and has resulted in reduced herd immunity with re-emergence of previously controlled infectious disease. A widespread, internet-promulgated, irrational antagonism against … [Read more]

The Foundations of Virology

At STIAS the text of an extended online edition (eBook) of the historic research work, ‘The Foundations of Medical and Veterinary Virology: Discoverers and Discoveries, Inventors and Inventions, Developers and Technology’ will be written. Thereafter, additional images will be edited, files converted to high-resolution book-print files and files uploaded to the website (http://www.utmb.edu/virusimages/), which is … [Read more]

The Scientific Method in Biology and Biomedicine

Work on the book ‘The Scientific Method in Biology and Biomedicine’ will be continued. One chapter will be devoted to the concept of scientific paradigm introduced by Thomas Kuhn in his influential book ‘The Structure of Scientific Revolutions’ published in 1962. He argued that scientists in their research are always guided by assumptions and presuppositions … [Read more]