Gandhi’s Printing Press: Global Trajectories of Print Culture in the Indian Ocean

During his South African years (1893-1914), Mohandas Gandhi began fashioning his world-changing ideas on satyagraha/‘passive resistance’.  But he also practiced another kind of craft – running a printing press and publishing a newspaper. This project explores how Gandhi’s experiences as a press proprietor, printer and publicist influenced his philosophies. Gandhian theories of reading and writing … [Read more]

Macrophages in Human Tissues-Phenotypic Diversity in Health and Disease

Macrophages represent a heterogeneous family of white blood cells which are widely distributed throughout the body. They play an essential role in homeostasis during development and throughout adult life, but display considerable plasticity in their response to infection, inflammation, cancer and blood vessel occlusive diseases. This is due to their adaptability in recognition via surface … [Read more]

Technological knowledge: A new structure

The purpose of this project is to help energize the innovation chain — the sequence of events that leads from scientific discovery, to technological progress and on to practical application. The project focuses on the technology link. Technology is the major source of economic growth. It is heavily endowed. Every day there is a global … [Read more]

Developing a hypothesis on the “domestication syndrome” of animals

The domestication of many animal species was a key element in the development of human societies. An early step presumably involved the acquisition of docility, a prerequisite for animal handling, training and controlled breeding. Unexpectedly, however, domestication entails the acquisition of an additional suite of physical and behavioural traits whose connections to each other and … [Read more]

The evolutionary history of the human face, a multi-disciplinary detective story

Like all complex animals, humans have faces. Indeed, the human face is unconsciously used as the standard to which all other animal faces are compared, in terms of “oddness” or similarity to the human face. Yet, the human face is highly distinctive in several ways, both in its physical features and in its employment in … [Read more]

History wars and Indigenous Rights

Indigenous rights claims remain a central, unresolved human rights issue in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa and the United States. These countries, which are former British colonies, have intertwined but divergent legal, intellectual, and cultural traditions. In these countries judgments about ‘history’ are essential for the determination of compensation for past abuses and recognition … [Read more]

Psychology, neoliberalism and changing subjectivities in Southern and Eastern Africa

Recent scholarship on the ‘postcolonial subject’ in Africa and beyond posits a link between neoliberalism and the evolution of new subjectivities. This project aims to interrogate and complicate this analysis in relation to Southern and Eastern Africa. In recent years there has been a marked adoption of psychological counselling techniques and languages in the region. … [Read more]

Food security in sub-Saharan Africa from the production, human and environmental safety standpoints

Africa, once considered the breadbasket of the world, is now highly dependent on food imports. Steady increases in African populations, high food and input prices and a shortage of food surpluses worldwide will require significant increases in production on the continent in the coming two decades. Many solutions to solve this problem are based on … [Read more]

Uses of Literature

The value of literature is minimised in the functioning of society. If this is the case in South Africa, the problem has to a greater or lesser degree a global applicability. In turning a comparative lens on South Africa, the project seeks to identify the ‘uses’ of literature to its own study, to other professions … [Read more]

The African Union’s emerging policy on unconstitutional changes of government

This research project is on unconstitutional changes of government (UCG). Roughly since 2005 a regression in the quality of many formally established democracies, cases of election-related violence, an increasing number of coups d’etat and third-term debates can be observed. This has prompted the African Union (AU) and the regional economic communities (RECs) to develop policy … [Read more]