Marcelo da Costa Pinto Neves (home page)
Professor of Public Law
University of Brasília
Asymmetric (Trans)Constitutionalism beyond Eurocentrism and Post-Colonialism
The research deals with the asymmetrical political relations in the world society and their impact on transconstitutional entanglements between legal orders. It moves away from both the Eurocentric and the post-colonial approach on constitutionalism. On one hand, it goes beyond Western and simplistic cosmopolitan global constitutionalism models and soft collision analyses, which are privileged in the so-called “Global North”. On the other hand, it guard against some post-colonialist pundits, who tend to reduce the problem to a semantic question of domination by a language inducing imposed, deformed and heteronomous understandings, and to cover up the structural asymmetries through the euphemistic distinction between “Global North” and “Global South”. The author does not deny asymmetries in the circulation of constitutional ideas within world society when they move through various states. Concerning the post-colonial Latin-American period, being unaware that there were centers that were predominantly irradiators and peripheries that were primarily receivers of constitutional ideas meant leaving aside some crucial aspects of the legal and political experience of these countries. (Trans)constitutionalism as a challenge should neither be overvalued in cosmopolitan terms, because of its European origin nor despised, in post-colonial terms, according to the discourse of cultural authenticity: it only makes sense if it is responsive and flexible to the immense diversity of world society.
The research shall be developed on the basis of constitutional case law and context in Brazil and South Africa.